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The Pond

While Fountains and Pondless Waterfalls are pretty easy,
one may decide upon a different combinations of water features.
With that in mind, we offer a few suggestions to consider:

The Pond as a Feature on your Property:

1. The Size:

Small, shallow ponds are an option but remember not to expect too much of them.

The disadvantage of very small ponds is that not only can they freeze up

completely in winter, in summer the temperature of the water can rise pretty

steeply.

Neither of these effects is good for the life in your pond.
Try for a minimum surface area of 5 square yards of water
(in the unplanted pond).

This may sound a lot but, in fact, it is only 2 Yards x 2.5 Yards in size.
In most gardens this size should present no problems.

However, this also means that as smaller your garden, the more prominent the part played by the pond.

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But there is a truth in a bigger pond is easier to maintain, than a smaller pond.
The pond should be at least 24” deep at the deepest point.
This depth ensures that the lowest layer of water will not freeze,
giving plants and animals the opportunity to survive

2. The Type:

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2.1.: There is the formal pond.

This is normally geometrical in shape, i.e. circular, square or  rectangular and it may be elevated
(higher than the rest of the  garden).
This is the traditional pond that will fit perfectly into a  romantic garden.
It generally has some sort of moving water feature such as waterspouts or a fountain.

This leads to major water activity, something that plants and fish find it  difficult to tolerate. Ponds of this type are generally not planted.

2.2: There are ponds intended for keeping fish.

For example, koi carp. Fishponds generally contain no or only very few  plants. Fishponds are not kept clean through the biological action of  plants but by the use of filters, which take over this task.
The effects are normally excellent.

2.3.Planted ornamental ponds

All kinds of water plants can be brought together in this
type of pond, regardless of where they come from.
The same applies to the rest of the garden
so that the end effect involves a varied selection of plants chosen for their foliage and flowering habits.

It is possible to achieve the most fabulous results and the pleasures of such a lavishly planted water-world are huge.

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Once you have made the right choices in terms of location and other  requirements, only a minimum of maintenance will be needed.
This type of pond permits endless variety and it can be any shape you want.

2.4.: The naturel pond:

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In recent years ponds have been seen increasingly in terms of refuges for endangered species of plants and animals.
A natural pond offers excellent solutions here.
The pond is constructed in the same way as an ornamental pond.
However, the aim is to equip it with different plants,
almost exclusively with plants that occur naturally in our regions.

Today’s cultivated assortment already includes so many varieties of such plants that boredom can never become an issue.

The effect of a natural pond is to exude an atmosphere of calm and peace  much greater than that presented by an exuberantly planted ornamental  pond. Although the overall look may be less dramatic, it is certainly no less attractive.

2.5.: Adding waterfalls and streams:

These are easy to construct in most gardens and their effect can often be breathtaking.
However, it is important to remember that only very few plants will grow in strongly agitated water.
In this case, planting will involve the use of marginal water plants along the side the stream or waterfall.
Obviously these can be chosen to create a nice Water-World ambience.

Plants with grass-like foliage are especially well suited to this purpose.

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